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DISCLAIMER: These pages are presented solely as a source of INFORMATION and ENTERTAINMENT and to provide stern warnings against use where appropriate. No claims are made for the efficacy of any herb nor for any historical herbal treatment. In no way can the information provided here take the place of the standard, legal, medical practice of any country. Additionally, some of these plants are extremely toxic and should be used only by licensed professionals who have the means to process them properly into appropriate pharmaceuticals. One final note: many plants were used for a wide range of illnesses in the past, but be aware that many of the historical uses have proven to be ineffective for the problems to which they were applied.

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= toxic agent, AVOID          = danger/caution, mild to severe apply          = AVOID if pregnant
See corresponding herb pages for more information
EMETIC Stimulates vomiting Adder's Tongue; Ailanto; Alder; Alder, Tag; Allspice, Carolina; American Ivy; Angostura; Ash, American; Balloon Vine; Bottle Gourd; Bowman's Root; Buttonbush; Centaury, European; Cleavers; Cucumber
= Angelica; Angelica, American; Bay; Bayberry; Bead Tree; Bogbean; Broom, Dyer's; Cascara Sagrada; Chamomile; Cohosh, blue; Crampbark; Thistle, Blessed
= Angelica; Angelica, American; Chamomile; Cohosh, Blue
= Arnica; Arrowwood; Asarabacca; Bittersweet, American; Blackroot; Bloodroot; Blue Flag; Broom, Scotch; Bryony; Bryony, White; Butterfly Weed (poisons);Castor Bean
EMMENAGOGUE Promotes the start of menstruation Akebia; Amber; American Ivy; Ammoniac gum; Arrowhead; Asafetida; Ash, Prickly; Aster, Flat-topped White; Bachelor Button; Baeckea; Balloon Vine; Beggar Tick; Beggartick, Swamp; Bur Reed; Caesar Weed; Carrot, Wild; Catnip; Clove; Pinks, Chinese; Szechuan Pepper (See Ash, Prickly)
= Achryanthes root; Angelica; Angelica, American; Arsesmart; Bay; Bayberry, English; Bead Tree; Blazing Star; Bogbean; Burnut; Calendula; Caraway; Cedar, White; Chamomile; Cohosh, blue; Mugwort; Thistle, Blessed
= Achryanthes root; Angelica; Angelica, American; Burnut; Calendula; Chamomile; Cohosh, Blue
= Ambrosia; Birthwort; Black Cohosh; Bloodroot; Bonduc Nut; Castor Bean; Columbine
EMOLLIENT Softens and soothes externally; agents usually prepared in skin ointment form Adder's Tongue; Alkanet; Almond; Aloe; Apple; Ash, Manna; Balsam; Balsam Pear; Banana; Caesar Weed; Chickweed; Canary Island Tea Plant; Couchgrass; Cucumber; Ragwort
= Borage; Coltsfoot; Comfrey
= Coltsfoot
= Arnica; Bonduc Nut; Castor Bean
ERRHINE Promotes sneezing and nasal discharge; herbalist term = Bayberry
= Asarabacca
ESTROGENIC An agent containing a substance which behaves like estrogen. None should be taken by pregnant women. = Burdock; Clover, Red; Cohosh, blue; Hops
= Agnus-Castus; Burdock; Clover, Red; Cohosh, Blue; Dong Quai; Hops; Sage; Sage, Purple
= Black Cohosh
EXPECTORANT Promotes loosening and discharge of secretions from the respiratory passages Abscess Root; Alliaria; American Ivy; Ammoniac Gum; Ampelopsis; Anaphalis; Anise; Annatto; Asafetida; Aster, Flat-topped White; Shatavari (See Asparagus); Aster, Red-stalked; Bachelor Button; Balloon Flower; Balm of Copaiba; Balsam; Balsam of Peru; Balsam of Tolu; Bamboo, Black; Barley; Basil, Holy; Beech; Beggar Tick; Beggartick, Swamp; Benzoin; Betony; Black Chebula; Bo-Tree; Bowman's Root; Caesar Weed; Capers; Cardamine; Chickweed; Clove; Coriander; Damiana; Dandelion; Elecampane; Eucalyptus; Garlic; Horehound; Marshmallow; Nettle, Blind; New Jersey Tea; Oregano, Greek (weak); Onion; Peach; Poplar, Ontario; Poplar, Black; Poplar, White; Pussytoes, Plantain-leaved; Speedwell; Thyme; Walnut, English
= Anemarrhena; Angelica; Apricot; Asparagus, Chinese; Asparagus, Fern; Barrenwort; Bay; Bayberry; Bethroot; Blackberry lily; Boneset; Borage; Burdock; Caraway; Cardamom; Cedar, White; Celandine; Chervil; Clover, Red; Coltsfoot; Comfrey; Elder; Fennel; Licorice; Thistle, Blessed
= Angelica; Blackberry Lily; Burdock; Calamint; Celandine; Clover, red; Coltsfoot; Fennel; Ginger, Wild
= Ambrosia; Arnica; Arrowwood; Arum; Pasque Flower (See Anemone); Asthma Weed; Birthwort, Frail; Black Cohosh; Bloodroot; Bryony, White; Butterfly Weed; Cabbage, Skunk

©2006 by Ernestina Parziale, CH