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DISCLAIMER: These pages are presented solely as a source of INFORMATION and ENTERTAINMENT and to provide stern warnings against use where appropriate. No claims are made for the efficacy of any herb nor for any historical herbal treatment. In no way can the information provided here take the place of the standard, legal, medical practice of any country. Additionally, some of these plants are extremely toxic and should be used only by licensed professionals who have the means to process them properly into appropriate pharmaceuticals. One final note: many plants were used for a wide range of illnesses in the past, but be aware that many of the historical uses have proven to be ineffective for the problems to which they were applied.

a.k.a. Bog Arum, Water Arum, Water Dragon
(Calla palustris)

A hardy perennial of bogs in the north temperate zones of North America, Europe, and Asia. The stems are prostrate; the leaves simple, ovate-cordate to 6 inches; the spathe open, green on the outside, white on the inside and about 2 inches long and 1½ inches wide, the spadix being shorter; flowers are bisexual; the fruit is a red berry.

The rootstalk was used for food by Native Americans.

©2005 by Ernestina Parziale, CH