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DISCLAIMER: These pages are presented solely as a source of INFORMATION and ENTERTAINMENT and to provide stern warnings against use where appropriate. No claims are made for the efficacy of any herb nor for any historical herbal treatment. In no way can the information provided here take the place of the standard, legal, medical practice of any country. Additionally, some of these plants are extremely toxic and should be used only by licensed professionals who have the means to process them properly into appropriate pharmaceuticals. One final note: many plants were used for a wide range of illnesses in the past, but be aware that many of the historical uses have proven to be ineffective for the problems to which they were applied.

aka Dense-spiked Primrose
(Boisduvalia densiflora)

Annual member of the evening primrose family with 4 pink to purplish 2-lobed petals with a 4-lobed calyx atop the ovary and appearing in axils of upper leaves; foliage is covered with soft white hairs; fruit is a club-shaped capsule containing 12 to 24 seeds.

Seeds were used by Native Americans in California for pinole and bread.

FLOWERS: July-August

©2004 by Ernestina Parziale, CH