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DISCLAIMER: These pages are presented solely as a source of INFORMATION and ENTERTAINMENT and to provide stern warnings against use where appropriate. No claims are made for the efficacy of any herb nor for any historical herbal treatment. In no way can the information provided here take the place of the standard, legal, medical practice of any country. Additionally, some of these plants are extremely toxic and should be used only by licensed professionals who have the means to process them properly into appropriate pharmaceuticals. One final note: many plants were used for a wide range of illnesses in the past, but be aware that many of the historical uses have proven to be ineffective for the problems to which they were applied.

aka Gland Bellflower, Ladybell
(Adenophora stricta)
Also: (A. trachiliodos)

Asian plants of the Campanula family.

PROPAGATION: By seed sown in fall or by basal cuttings in early spring. Does not transplant well and can be invasive.
NEEDS: Rich well-drained, moist soil and full sun.
HARVEST: Roots [NAN SHA SHEN] are collected in autumn and then dried for use.

A stimulant which acts primarily on the respiratory and cardiac systems.
Has been used internally for dry coughs, chronic bronchitis and tuberculosis.

©2000 by Ernestina Parziale, CH