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|DISCLAIMER: These pages are presented solely as a source of INFORMATION and ENTERTAINMENT and to provide stern warnings against use where appropriate. No claims are made for the efficacy of any herb nor for any historical herbal treatment. In no way can the information provided here take the place of the standard, legal, medical practice of any country. Additionally, some of these plants are extremely toxic and should be used only by licensed professionals who have the means to process them properly into appropriate pharmaceuticals. One final note: many plants were used for a wide range of illnesses in the past, but be aware that many of the historical uses have proven to be ineffective for the problems to which they were applied.|
A straggling, annual plant with a slender TAPROOT and weak square STEMS which clings to other plants (and anything else it contacts, including clothes, pets' fur, etc) with small, curved prickles at the angles of the stems and on the veins and edges of the leaves. Can be found throughout the Northern Hemisphere in moist or grassy places and along river banks. Common in the eastern United States and the Pacific coast. LEAVES linear-lancelolate to 2 inches long and whorled (6 to 8) around the stem. Greenish-white FLOWERS appear on peduncles in small, loose cymes of 2 to 5. FRUITS are small burs covered with hooked bristles, appearing as two joined burs each containing one seed.Included on the list of Canadian Medicinal Plants. The name Aperine is taken from the Greek 'aparo', meaning to seize, which is descriptive of the plants behavior when coming in contact with anything. Astrologically ruled by the moon §
CONTAINS: Coumarins, tannins, citric acid, a red dye, glycosides, gallotannic acids, rubichloric acid, galiosin, asperuloside, calcium, sodium, silica, copper, iodine.
|PROPAGATION||By FRESH RIPE SEED in summer; by DIVISION in early spring or in autumn.|
|HARVEST||The plant is cut just before flowering (usually in spring and early summer, then dried. Seeds as available. Roots in autumn.|
|PART USED||Above ground plant and seeds. Best used fresh. The root has also been known to be used.|
|SOLVENT||Water (never boil Cleavers as it destroys its properties).|
|FORM||Oil (made with fresh plant); Juice (made with fresh plant); Infusion; Compress/Poultice; Glycerite; Tincture; Salve.||RELATED SPECIES||ROUGH BEDSTRAW (Galium asprellum): Has been used for kidney problems.|
SHINING BEDSTRAW (Galium concinnum): Was used by the Meskwaki tribe of North America as a tea for ague, and bladder and kidney problems. The Flambeau Ojibwe used the whole plant to make an infusion used as a diuretic for kidney problems, gravel, and stoppage of urine.
sì yè cao (Galium bungei): Used in Chinese medicine as an anodyne, detoxicant, diuretic, febrifuge and to reduce swellings. Has been used in decoction form for abscesses, boils, cancerous tumors, dysentary, fever, gonorrhea, leucorrhea, and failure to thrive in children.
Also See SWEET WOODRUFF and LADY'S BEDSTRAW.